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Protein kinase C beta controls nuclear factor kappaB activation in B cells through selective regulation of the IkappaB kinase alpha.

Activation of the nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB transcription complex by signals derived from the surface expressed B cell antigen receptor controls B cell development, survival, and antigenic responses. Activation of NF-kappaB is critically dependent on serine phosphorylation of the IkappaB protein by the multi-component IkappaB kinase (IKK) containing two catalytic subunits (IKKalpha and IKKbeta) and one regulatory subunit (IKKgamma). Using mice deficient for protein kinase C beta (PKCbeta) we show an essential role of PKCbeta in the phosphorylation of IKKalpha and the subsequent activation of NF-kappaB in B cells. Defective IKKalpha phosphorylation correlates with impaired B cell antigen receptor-mediated induction of the pro-survival protein Bcl-xL. Lack of IKKalpha phosphorylation and defective NF-kappaB induction in the absence of PKCbeta explains the similarity in immunodeficiencies caused by PKCbeta or IKKalpha ablation in B cells. Furthermore, the well established functional cooperation between the protein tyrosine kinase Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk), which regulates the activity of NF-kappaB and PKCbeta, suggests PKCbeta as a likely serine/threonine kinase component of the Btk-dependent NF-kappaB activating signal transduction chain downstream of the BCR.

Pubmed ID: 12070292 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Animals | B-Lymphocytes | I-kappa B Kinase | Isoenzymes | Mice | Mice, Inbred C57BL | NF-kappa B | Phosphorylation | Protein Kinase C | Protein Kinase C beta | Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases

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An independent, nonprofit organization focused on mammalian genetics research to advance human health. Their mission is to discover the genetic basis for preventing, treating, and curing human disease, and to enable research for the global biomedical community. Jackson Laboratory breeds and manages colonies of mice as resources for other research institutions and laboratories, along with providing software and techniques. Jackson Lab also conducts genetic research and provides educational material for various educational levels.

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