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Diet-induced insulin resistance in mice lacking adiponectin/ACRP30.

Nature medicine | Jul 1, 2002

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12068289

Here we investigated the biological functions of adiponectin/ACRP30, a fat-derived hormone, by disrupting the gene that encodes it in mice. Adiponectin/ACRP30-knockout (KO) mice showed delayed clearance of free fatty acid in plasma, low levels of fatty-acid transport protein 1 (FATP-1) mRNA in muscle, high levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) mRNA in adipose tissue and high plasma TNF-alpha concentrations. The KO mice exhibited severe diet-induced insulin resistance with reduced insulin-receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1)-associated phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3-kinase) activity in muscle. Viral mediated adiponectin/ACRP30 expression in KO mice reversed the reduction of FATP-1 mRNA, the increase of adipose TNF-alpha mRNA and the diet-induced insulin resistance. In cultured myocytes, TNF-alpha decreased FATP-1 mRNA, IRS-1-associated PI3-kinase activity and glucose uptake, whereas adiponectin increased these parameters. Our results indicate that adiponectin/ACRP30 deficiency and high TNF-alpha levels in KO mice reduced muscle FATP-1 mRNA and IRS-1-mediated insulin signaling, resulting in severe diet-induced insulin resistance.

Pubmed ID: 12068289 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Adiponectin | Adipose Tissue | Animals | Carrier Proteins | Cells, Cultured | Diet | Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins | Fatty Acids, Nonesterified | Fish Proteins | Insulin Receptor Substrate Proteins | Insulin Resistance | Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins | Lipid Metabolism | Mice | Mice, Knockout | Myocardium | Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases | Phosphoproteins | Proteins | RNA, Messenger | Transcription, Genetic | Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha

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