Mohr-Tranebjaerg syndrome (MTS/DFN-1) or deafness/dystonia syndrome results from a mutation in deafness/dystonia protein 1/translocase of mitochondrial inner membrane 8a (DDP1/TIMM8a). DDP1/TIMM8a is similar to a family of yeast proteins in the mitochondrial intermembrane space which mediate the import and insertion of inner membrane proteins. We now show that TIMM8a assembles in a 70 kDa complex in the intermembrane space with TIMM13. DDP1/TIMM8a is not detectable in fibroblasts derived from a patient with a missense mutation in the DDP1/TIMM8a gene; the point mutation results in cysteine-66 being changed to tryptophan-66 in the conserved 'twin CX(3)C' motif. The corresponding mutation in yeast translocase of inner membrane 8p (Tim8p) yields an unstable protein that does not assemble with yeast Tim13p. DDP1/TIMM8a, when expressed with TIMM13 in yeast mitochondria lacking the Tim8p-Tim13p complex, restores Tim23p import, and TIMM8a and TIMM13 can be cross-linked to the hTim23 import intermediate in rat and yeast mitochondria. In a similar manner to Tim8p, TIMM8a seemingly mediates the import of hTim23. Deafness/dystonia syndrome thus may be caused by decreased levels of Tim23 in the mitochondrial inner membrane in affected tissues.
We have not found any resources mentioned in this publication.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to SciCrunch, however this is not currently a free service.