Alternative splicing of the gene for Stat3, a transcription factor activated by the IL-6 family of cytokines, produces two isoforms: Stat3alpha and a dominant-negative variant, Stat3beta. Stat3beta-deficient mice were generated by gene targeting. Despite intact expression and phosphorylation of Stat3alpha, overall Stat3 activity was impaired in Stat3beta(-/-) cells. Global comparison of transcription in Stat3beta(+/+) and Stat3beta(-/-) cells revealed stable differences. Stat3beta-deficient mice exhibit diminished recovery from endotoxic shock and hyperresponsiveness of a subset of endotoxin-inducible genes in liver. The hepatic response to endotoxin in wild-type mice is accompanied by a transient increase in the ratio of Stat3beta to Stat3alpha. These findings indicate a critical role for Stat3beta in the control of systemic inflammation.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to scicrunch, however this is not currently a free service.