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Identification of ubiquitin ligases required for skeletal muscle atrophy.

Skeletal muscle adapts to decreases in activity and load by undergoing atrophy. To identify candidate molecular mediators of muscle atrophy, we performed transcript profiling. Although many genes were up-regulated in a single rat model of atrophy, only a small subset was universal in all atrophy models. Two of these genes encode ubiquitin ligases: Muscle RING Finger 1 (MuRF1), and a gene we designate Muscle Atrophy F-box (MAFbx), the latter being a member of the SCF family of E3 ubiquitin ligases. Overexpression of MAFbx in myotubes produced atrophy, whereas mice deficient in either MAFbx or MuRF1 were found to be resistant to atrophy. These proteins are potential drug targets for the treatment of muscle atrophy.

Pubmed ID: 11679633


  • Bodine SC
  • Latres E
  • Baumhueter S
  • Lai VK
  • Nunez L
  • Clarke BA
  • Poueymirou WT
  • Panaro FJ
  • Na E
  • Dharmarajan K
  • Pan ZQ
  • Valenzuela DM
  • DeChiara TM
  • Stitt TN
  • Yancopoulos GD
  • Glass DJ


Science (New York, N.Y.)

Publication Data

November 23, 2001

Associated Grants


Mesh Terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Creatine Kinase
  • Creatine Kinase, MM Form
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Gene Deletion
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Hindlimb Suspension
  • Humans
  • Immobilization
  • Isoenzymes
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Muscle Denervation
  • Muscle Proteins
  • Muscle, Skeletal
  • Muscular Atrophy
  • MyoD Protein
  • Myogenic Regulatory Factor 5
  • Myogenin
  • Peptide Synthases
  • Phenotype
  • Protein Binding
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • SKP Cullin F-Box Protein Ligases
  • Trans-Activators
  • Up-Regulation