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Mutations in CGI-58, the gene encoding a new protein of the esterase/lipase/thioesterase subfamily, in Chanarin-Dorfman syndrome.

Chanarin-Dorfman syndrome (CDS) is a rare autosomal recessive form of nonbullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma (NCIE) that is characterized by the presence of intracellular lipid droplets in most tissues. We previously localized a gene for a subset of NCIE to chromosome 3 (designated "the NCIE2 locus"), in six families. Lipid droplets were found in five of these six families, suggesting a diagnosis of CDS. Four additional families selected on the basis of a confirmed diagnosis of CDS also showed linkage to the NCIE2 locus. Linkage-disequilibrium analysis of these families, all from the Mediterranean basin, allowed us to refine the NCIE2 locus to an approximately 1.3-Mb region. Candidate genes from the interval were screened, and eight distinct mutations in the recently identified CGI-58 gene were found in 13 patients from these nine families. The spectrum of gene variants included insertion, deletion, splice-site, and point mutations. The CGI-58 protein belongs to a large family of proteins characterized by an alpha/beta hydrolase fold. CGI-58 contains three sequence motifs that correspond to a catalytic triad found in the esterase/lipase/thioesterase subfamily. Interestingly, CGI-58 differs from other members of the esterase/lipase/thioesterase subfamily in that its putative catalytic triad contains an asparagine in place of the usual serine residue.

Pubmed ID: 11590543 RIS Download

Mesh terms: 1-Acylglycerol-3-Phosphate O-Acyltransferase | Adolescent | Adult | Amino Acid Motifs | Base Sequence | Child | Child, Preschool | Chromosomes, Human, Pair 3 | Conserved Sequence | DNA Mutational Analysis | Esterases | Exons | Female | Genetic Linkage | Haplotypes | Humans | Introns | Linkage Disequilibrium | Lipase | Male | Molecular Sequence Data | Multienzyme Complexes | Mutation | Physical Chromosome Mapping | Protein Conformation | RNA, Messenger | Syndrome

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Ensembl

Collection of genome databases for vertebrates and other eukaryotic species with DNA and protein sequence search capabilities. Used to automatically annotate genome, integrate this annotation with other available biological data and make data publicly available via web. Ensembl tools include BLAST, BLAT, BioMart and the Variant Effect Predictor (VEP) for all supported species.

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GenBank

NIH genetic sequence database that provides an annotated collection of all publicly available DNA sequences for almost 280 000 formally described species. (Jan 2014) These sequences are obtained primarily through submissions from individual laboratories and batch submissions from large-scale sequencing projects, including whole-genome shotgun (WGS) and environmental sampling projects. Most submissions are made using the web-based BankIt or standalone Sequin programs, and GenBank staff assigns accession numbers upon data receipt. It is part of the International Nucleotide Sequence Database Collaboration and daily data exchange with the European Nucleotide Archive (ENA) and the DNA Data Bank of Japan (DDBJ) ensures worldwide coverage. GenBank is accessible through the NCBI Entrez retrieval system, which integrates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases along with taxonomy, genome, mapping, protein structure and domain information, and the biomedical journal literature via PubMed. BLAST provides sequence similarity searches of GenBank and other sequence databases. Complete bimonthly releases and daily updates of the GenBank database are available by FTP.

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UniGene

Web tool for an organized view of the transcriptome. Collection of the computationally identified transcripts from the same locus. Information on protein similarities, gene expression, cDNA clones, and genomic location. System for automatically partitioning GenBank sequences into a non redundant set of gene oriented clusters.

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InterPro

Service providing functional analysis of proteins by classifying them into families and predicting domains and important sites. They combine protein signatures from a number of member databases into a single searchable resource, capitalizing on their individual strengths to produce a powerful integrated database and diagnostic tool. This integrated database of predictive protein signatures is used for the classification and automatic annotation of proteins and genomes. InterPro classifies sequences at superfamily, family and subfamily levels, predicting the occurrence of functional domains, repeats and important sites. InterPro adds in-depth annotation, including GO terms, to the protein signatures. You can access the data programmatically, via Web Services. The member databases use a number of approaches: # ProDom: provider of sequence-clusters built from UniProtKB using PSI-BLAST. # PROSITE patterns: provider of simple regular expressions. # PROSITE and HAMAP profiles: provide sequence matrices. # PRINTS provider of fingerprints, which are groups of aligned, un-weighted Position Specific Sequence Matrices (PSSMs). # PANTHER, PIRSF, Pfam, SMART, TIGRFAMs, Gene3D and SUPERFAMILY: are providers of hidden Markov models (HMMs). Your contributions are welcome. You are encouraged to use the ''''Add your annotation'''' button on InterPro entry pages to suggest updated or improved annotation for individual InterPro entries.

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National Genotyping Center; Ile-de-France; France

National genotyping center to advance research of the genetics of human diseases through internal and collaborative research programs. To this end they have developed a number of state-of-the-art genomics technology platforms and laboratories. Technology available at CNG ranges from a fully integrated high-throughput genotyping facility to a next generation sequencing platform. Activities include whole genome association studies (GWAS), pan-genomic expression profiling, epigenetic studies (DNA methylation, chromatin structure studies) and whole genome sequencing. All platforms, tools and know-how developed at CNG are open to outside groups for through collaborative research programs, and also applied by the Centre for its own research into the genetic basis of hereditary diseases.

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