Preparing your results

Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

Instability of a (CGG)98 repeat in the Fmr1 promoter.

Fragile X syndrome is one of 14 trinucleotide repeat diseases. It arises due to expansion of a CGG repeat which is present in the 5'-untranslated region of the FMR1 gene, disruption of which leads to mental retardation. The mechanisms involved in trinucleotide repeat expansion are poorly understood and to date, transgenic mouse models containing transgenic expanded CGG repeats have failed to reproduce the instability seen in humans. As both cis-acting factors and the genomic context of the CGG repeat are thought to play a role in expansion, we have now generated a knock-in mouse Fmr1 gene in which the murine (CGG)8 repeat has been exchanged with a human (CGG)98 repeat. Unlike other CGG transgenic models, this model shows moderate CGG repeat instability upon both in maternal and paternal transmission. This model will now enable us to study the timing and the mechanism of repeat expansion in mice.

Pubmed ID: 11487573


  • Bontekoe CJ
  • Bakker CE
  • Nieuwenhuizen IM
  • van der Linde H
  • Lans H
  • de Lange D
  • Hirst MC
  • Oostra BA


Human molecular genetics

Publication Data

August 1, 2001

Associated Grants

  • Agency: NICHD NIH HHS, Id: 5 RO1 HD38038

Mesh Terms

  • Alleles
  • Animals
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Electroporation
  • Female
  • Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein
  • Fragile X Syndrome
  • Gene Amplification
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • RNA-Binding Proteins
  • Stem Cells
  • Trinucleotide Repeats