Searching across hundreds of databases

Our searching services are busy right now. Your search will reload in five seconds.

Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

Protein kinase PKR is required for platelet-derived growth factor signaling of c-fos gene expression via Erks and Stat3.

The EMBO journal | May 15, 2001

The double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-activated protein kinase PKR is an interferon (IFN)-induced enzyme that controls protein synthesis through phosphorylation of eukaryotic initiation factor 2alpha (eIF-2alpha). PKR also regulates signals initiated by diverse stimuli, including dsRNA, IFN-gamma, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1 and lipopolysaccharide, to different transcription factors, resulting in pro-inflammatory gene expression. Stat3 plays an essential role in promoting cell survival and proliferation by different growth factors, including platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). Here we show that PKR physically interacts with Stat3 and is required for PDGF-induced phosphorylation of Stat3 at Tyr705 and Ser727, resulting in DNA binding and transcriptional activation. PKR-mediated phosphorylation of Stat3 on Ser727 is indirect and channeled through ERKS: Although PKR is pre-associated with the PDGF beta-receptor, treatment with PDGF only modestly activates PKR. However, the induction of c-fos by PDGF is defective in PKR-null cells. Taken together, these results establish PKR as an upstream regulator of activation of Stat3 and as a common mediator of both growth-promoting and growth-inhibitory signals.

Pubmed ID: 11350938 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Animals | Cell Line | DNA-Binding Proteins | Enzyme Activation | Gene Expression | Mice | Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases | Phosphorylation | Platelet-Derived Growth Factor | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos | Receptors, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor | STAT3 Transcription Factor | Serine | Signal Transduction | Trans-Activators | Tyrosine | eIF-2 Kinase

Publication data is provided by the National Library of Medicine ® and PubMed ®. Data is retrieved from PubMed ® on a weekly schedule. For terms and conditions see the National Library of Medicine Terms and Conditions.

We have not found any resources mentioned in this publication.