Mutations in the Adenomatous Polyposis Coli (APC) gene are responsible for familial colon cancer and also occur in the early stages of sporadic colon cancer. APC functions in the Wnt signalling pathway to regulate the degradation of beta-catenin (reviewed in refs 1-3). APC also binds to and stabilizes microtubules in vivo and in vitro, localizes to clusters at the ends of microtubules near the plasma membrane of interphase cells, and is an important regulator of cytoskeletal function. Here we show that cells carrying a truncated APC gene (Min) are defective in chromosome segregation. Moreover, during mitosis, APC localizes to the ends of microtubules embedded in kinetochores and forms a complex with the checkpoint proteins Bub1 and Bub3. In vitro, APC is a high-affinity substrate for Bub kinases. Our data are consistent with a role for APC in kinetochore-microtubule attachment and suggest that truncations in APC that eliminate microtubule binding may contribute to chromosomal instability in cancer cells.
We have not found any resources mentioned in this publication.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to SciCrunch, however this is not currently a free service.