Preparing your results

Our searching services are busy right now. Your search will reload in five seconds.

X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

Profilin I is essential for cell survival and cell division in early mouse development.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11274401

Profilins are thought to play a central role in the regulation of de novo actin assembly by preventing spontaneous actin polymerization through the binding of actin monomers, and the adding of monomeric actin to the barbed actin-filament ends. Other cellular functions of profilin in membrane trafficking and lipid based signaling are also likely. Binding of profilins to signaling molecules such as Arp2/3 complex, Mena, VASP, N-WASP, dynamin I, and others, further implicates profilin and actin as regulators of diverse motile activities. In mouse, two profilins are expressed from two distinct genes. Profilin I is expressed at high levels in all tissues and throughout development, whereas profilin II is expressed in neuronal cells. To examine the function of profilin I in vivo, we generated a null profilin I (pfn1(ko)) allele in mice. Homozygous pfn1(ko/ko) mice are not viable. Pfn1(ko/ko) embryos died as early as the two-cell stage, and no pfn1(ko/ko) blastocysts were detectable. Adult pfn1(ko/wt) mice show a 50% reduction in profilin I expression with no apparent impairment of cell function. However, pfn1(ko/wt) embryos have reduced survival during embryogenesis compared with wild type. Although weakly expressed in early embryos, profilin II cannot compensate for lack of profilin I. Our results indicate that mouse profilin I is an essential protein that has dosage-dependent effects on cell division and survival during embryogenesis.

Pubmed ID: 11274401 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Animals | Blood Platelets | Cell Division | Cell Survival | Contractile Proteins | Embryo, Mammalian | Mice | Mice, Inbred BALB C | Mice, Knockout | Microfilament Proteins | Profilins

Research resources used in this publication

None found

Research tools detected in this publication

None found

Data used in this publication

None found

Associated grants

None

Mouse Genome Informatics (Data, Gene Annotation)

Publication data is provided by the National Library of Medicine ® and PubMed ®. Data is retrieved from PubMed ® on a weekly schedule. For terms and conditions see the National Library of Medicine Terms and Conditions.