Nerve growth factor (NGF) binding to both p75 and TrkA neurotrophin receptors activates the transcription factor nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB). Here we show that the atypical protein kinase C-interacting protein, p62, which binds TRAF6, selectively interacts with TrkA but not p75. In contrast, TRAF6 interacts with p75 but not TrkA. We demonstrate the formation of a TRAF6-p62 complex that serves as a bridge linking both p75 and TrkA signaling. Of functional relevance, transfection of antisense p62-enhanced p75-mediated cell death and diminished NGF-induced differentiation occur through a mechanism involving inhibition of IKK activity. These findings reveal a new function for p62 as a common platform for communication of both p75-TRAF6 and TrkA signals. Moreover, we demonstrated that p62 serves as a scaffold for activation of the NF-kappaB pathway, which mediates NGF survival and differentiation responses.
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