Cdc13 both positively and negatively regulates telomere replication.
Cdc13 is a single-strand telomeric DNA-binding protein that positively regulates yeast telomere replication by recruiting telomerase to chromosome termini through a site on Cdc13 that is eliminated by the cdc13-2 mutation. Here we show that Cdc13 has a separate role in negative regulation of telomere replication, based on analysis of a new mutation, cdc13-5. Loss of this second regulatory activity results in extensive elongation of the G strand of the telomere by telomerase, accompanied by a reduced ability to coordinate synthesis of the C strand. Both the cdc13-5 mutation and DNA polymerase alpha mutations (which also exhibit elongated telomeres) are suppressed by increased expression of the Cdc13-interacting protein Stn1, indicating that Stn1 coordinates action of the lagging strand replication complex with the regulatory activity of CDC13. However, the association between Cdc13 and Stn1 is abolished by cdc13-2, the same mutation that eliminates the interaction between Cdc13 and telomerase. We propose that Cdc13 participates in two regulatory steps-first positive, then negative-as a result of successive binding of telomerase and the negative regulator Stn1 to overlapping sites on Cdc13. Thus, Cdc13 coordinates synthesis of both strands of the telomere by first recruiting telomerase and subsequently limiting G-strand synthesis by telomerase in response to C-strand replication.
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