Ten1 functions in telomere end protection and length regulation in association with Stn1 and Cdc13.
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Cdc13 has been proposed to mediate telomerase recruitment at telomere ends. Stn1, which associates with Cdc13 by the two-hybrid interaction, has been implicated in telomere maintenance. Ten1, a previously uncharacterized protein, was found to associate physically with both Stn1 and Cdc13. A binding defect between Stn1-13 and Ten1 was responsible for the long telomere phenotype of stn1-13 mutant cells. Moreover, rescue of the cdc13-1 mutation by STN1 was much improved when TEN1 was simultaneously overexpressed. Several ten1 mutations were found to confer telomerase-dependent telomere lengthening. Other, temperature-sensitive, mutants of TEN1 arrested at G(2)/M via activation of the Rad9-dependent DNA damage checkpoint. These ten1 mutant cells were found to accumulate single-stranded DNA in telomeric regions of the chromosomes. We propose that Ten1 is required to regulate telomere length, as well as to prevent lethal damage to telomeric DNA.