The retinoblastoma protein (Rb) regulates both the cell cycle and tissue-specific transcription, by modulating the activity of factors that associate with its A-B and C pockets. In skeletal muscle, Rb has been reported to regulate irreversible cell cycle exit and muscle-specific transcription. To identify factors interacting with Rb in muscle cells, we utilized the yeast two-hybrid system, using the A-B and C pockets of Rb as bait. A novel protein we have designated E1A-like inhibitor of differentiation 1 (EID-1), was the predominant Rb-binding clone isolated. It is preferentially expressed in adult cardiac and skeletal muscle and encodes a 187-amino-acid protein, with a classic Rb-binding motif (LXCXE) in its C terminus. Overexpression of EID-1 in skeletal muscle inhibited tissue-specific transcription. Repression of skeletal muscle-restricted genes was mediated by a block to transactivation by MyoD independent of G(1) exit and, surprisingly, was potentiated by a mutation that prevents EID-1 binding to Rb. Inhibition of MyoD may be explained by EID-1's ability to bind and inhibit p300's histone acetylase activity, an essential MyoD coactivator. Thus, EID-1 binds both Rb and p300 and is a novel repressor of MyoD function.
We have not found any resources mentioned in this publication.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to SciCrunch, however this is not currently a free service.