The c-myb proto-oncogene product (c-Myb) is a sequence-specific DNA-binding protein that functions as a transcriptional activator. The transcriptional coactivator CREB-binding protein (CBP) binds via its KIX domain to the activation domain of c-Myb and mediates c-Myb-dependent transcriptional activation. CBP possesses intrinsic histone acetyltransferase activity, and can acetylate not only histones but also certain transcriptional factors such as GATA1 and p53. Here we demonstrate that the C/H2 domain of CBP, which is critical for the acetyltransferase activity, also directly interacts with the negative regulatory domain (NRD) of c-Myb. Consistent with this observation, CBP acetylated c-Myb in vitro at Lys(438) and Lys(441) within the NRD. In addition, CBP acetylated c-Myb in vivo not only at the sites found in this study but also at the p300-induced acetylation sites reported recently. Replacement of lysine by arginine at all of these sites dramatically decreased the trans-activating capacity of c-Myb. The results of transcriptional activation assays with c-Myb acetylation site mutants suggested that acetylation of c-Myb at each of these five sites synergistically enhances c-Myb activity. Mutations of these acetylation sites reduced the strength of the interaction between c-Myb and CBP. Thus, acetylation of c-Myb by CBP increases the trans-activating capacity of c-Myb by enhancing its association with CBP. These results demonstrate a novel molecular mechanism of regulation of c-Myb activity.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to scicrunch, however this is not currently a free service.