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Regulation of beta -catenin transformation by the p300 transcriptional coactivator.

The beta-catenin protein plays a critical role in embryonic development and mature tissue homeostasis through its effects on E-cadherin-mediated cell adhesion and Wnt-dependent signal transduction. In colon and other cancers, mutations of beta-catenin or the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumor suppressor appear to stabilize beta-catenin and enhance its interaction with T cell factor (TCF) or lymphoid enhancer factor (Lef) transcription factors. At present, a complete picture of the means by which beta-catenin's interactions with TCF/Lef proteins contribute to neoplastic transformation is lacking. We report that the transcriptional coactivator p300 interacts with beta-catenin in vitro and in vivo and is critical for beta-catenin-mediated neoplastic transformation. p300 synergistically activates beta-catenin/TCF transcription, and their biochemical association requires the CH1 domain of p300 and a region of beta-catenin that includes its NH(2)-terminal transactivation domain and the first two armadillo repeats. Lowering of cellular p300 levels by using a ribozyme directed against p300 reduced TCF transcriptional activity and inhibited the neoplastic growth properties of a beta-catenin-transformed rat epithelial cell line and a human colon carcinoma line with a beta-catenin mutation. These findings demonstrate a critical role for p300 in beta-catenin/TCF transcription and in cancers arising from defects in beta-catenin regulation.

Pubmed ID: 11050151 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Animals | Cell Line | Cell Transformation, Neoplastic | Cytoskeletal Proteins | DNA-Binding Proteins | E1A-Associated p300 Protein | Gene Expression Regulation | Humans | Jurkat Cells | Lymphoid Enhancer-Binding Factor 1 | Mice | Nuclear Proteins | Recombinant Fusion Proteins | Trans-Activators | Transcription Factors | Transcription, Genetic | Tumor Cells, Cultured | beta Catenin

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