The class III POU gene brn-2, encoding the Brn-2/N-Oct-3 transcription factor, is widely expressed in the developing mammalian central nervous system. Brn-2 has also been found to regulate the melanocytic phenotype with N-Oct-3 DNA binding activity elevated in malignant melanoma, however, its mode of action is yet to be defined. The functional role of the Brn-2 transcription factor has been investigated through the analysis of protein-protein interactions it forms with a number of basal and melanocytic transcriptional regulatory proteins. In vivo interactions were tested by gene-cotransfection using the mammalian GAL4-Herpes Simplex viral protein 16 (VP16) two hybrid formation and direct protein binding by in vitro glutathione S-transferase (GST)-pull down assay. The Brn-2 protein was found to homodimerize in vivo with high affinity, using Brn-2 deletion constructs dimer complex formation was found to be dependent on the presence of both the homeodomain and linker regions of the POU-domain. However, the POU-homoedomain was dispensable for the formation of the dimerization interface in one of the partner molecules but not both, when the POU-linker region was removed the ability to interact was lost irrespective of the presence of the homeodomain. Dimerization of Brn-2/N-Oct-3 was also found to occur in DNA binding assays using melanoma cell line nuclear extracts and a recently reported dimer target sequence probe, which may have significant consequences for gene regulation in melanocytic tumours. Low affinity Brn-2 protein contacts have also been found with the basal transcription complex, including TATA binding protein (TBP) and the transcriptional coactivator p300, and with the Sox-10 and Pax-3 transcription factors that are known to play an important role in melanocyte cell formation.
We have not found any resources mentioned in this publication.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to SciCrunch, however this is not currently a free service.