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Reactivation of encoding-related brain activity during memory retrieval.

Neuronal models predict that retrieval of specific event information reactivates brain regions that were active during encoding of this information. Consistent with this prediction, this positron-emission tomography study showed that remembering that visual words had been paired with sounds at encoding activated some of the auditory brain regions that were engaged during encoding. After word-sound encoding, activation of auditory brain regions was also observed during visual word recognition when there was no demand to retrieve auditory information. Collectively, these observations suggest that information about the auditory components of multisensory event information is stored in auditory responsive cortex and reactivated at retrieval, in keeping with classical ideas about "redintegration, " that is, the power of part of an encoded stimulus complex to evoke the whole experience.

Pubmed ID: 11005878


  • Nyberg L
  • Habib R
  • McIntosh AR
  • Tulving E


Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Publication Data

September 26, 2000

Associated Grants


Mesh Terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Memory
  • Tomography, Emission-Computed