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Transcriptional repression by Pax5 (BSAP) through interaction with corepressors of the Groucho family.

Pax5 (BSAP) functions as both a transcriptional activator and repressor during midbrain patterning, B-cell development and lymphomagenesis. Here we demonstrate that Pax5 exerts its repression function by recruiting members of the Groucho corepressor family. In a yeast two-hybrid screen, the groucho-related gene product Grg4 was identified as a Pax5 partner protein. Both proteins interact cooperatively via two separate domains: the N-terminal Q and central SP regions of Grg4, and the octapeptide motif and C-terminal transactivation domain of Pax5. The phosphorylation state of Grg4 is altered in vivo upon Pax5 binding. Moreover, Grg4 efficiently represses the transcriptional activity of Pax5 in an octapeptide-dependent manner. Similar protein interactions resulting in transcriptional repression were also observed between distantly related members of both the Pax2/5/8 and Groucho protein families. In agreement with this evolutionary conservation, the octapeptide motif of Pax proteins functions as a Groucho-dependent repression domain in Drosophila embryos. These data indicate that Pax proteins can be converted from transcriptional activators to repressors through interaction with corepressors of the Groucho protein family.

Pubmed ID: 10811620


  • Eberhard D
  • JimĂ©nez G
  • Heavey B
  • Busslinger M


The EMBO journal

Publication Data

May 15, 2000

Associated Grants


Mesh Terms

  • 3T3 Cells
  • Animals
  • B-Cell-Specific Activator Protein
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Proteins
  • Repressor Proteins
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transcription Factors
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Transcriptional Activation