Phosphorylation of IkappaB, an inhibitor of NF-kappaB, is an important step in the activation of the transcription factor NF-kappaB. Phosphorylation is mediated by the IkappaB kinase (IKK) complex, known to contain two catalytic subunits: IKKalpha and IKKbeta. A novel, noncatalytic component of this kinase complex called NEMO (NF-kappaB essential modulator)/IKKgamma was identified recently. We have generated NEMO/IKKgamma-deficient mice by gene targeting. Mutant embryos die at E12.5-E13.0 from severe liver damage due to apoptosis. NEMO/IKKgamma-deficient primary murine embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) lack detectable NF-kappaB DNA-binding activity in response to TNFalpha, IL-1, LPS, and Poly(IC) and do not show stimulus-dependent IkappaB kinase activity, which correlates with a lack of phosphorylation and degradation of IkappaBalpha. Consistent with these data, mutant MEFs show increased sensitivity to TNFalpha-induced apoptosis. Our data provide in vivo evidence that NEMO/IKKgamma is the first essential, noncatalytic component of the IKK complex.
We have not found any resources mentioned in this publication.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to SciCrunch, however this is not currently a free service.