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Yeast Sm-like proteins function in mRNA decapping and decay.

One of the main mechanisms of messenger RNA degradation in eukaryotes occurs by deadenylation-dependent decapping which leads to 5'-to-3' decay. A family of Sm-like (Lsm) proteins has been identified, members of which contain the 'Sm' sequence motif, form a complex with U6 small nuclear RNA and are required for pre-mRNA splicing. Here we show that mutations in seven yeast Lsm proteins (Lsm1-Lsm7) also lead to inhibition of mRNA decapping. In addition, the Lsm1-Lsm7 proteins co-immunoprecipitate with the mRNA decapping enzyme (Dcp1), a decapping activator (Pat1/Mrt1) and with mRNA. This indicates that the Lsm proteins may promote decapping by interactions with the mRNA and the decapping machinery. In addition, the Lsm complex that functions in mRNA decay appears to be distinct from the U6-associated Lsm complex, indicating that Lsm proteins form specific complexes that affect different aspects of mRNA metabolism.

Pubmed ID: 10761922

Authors

  • Tharun S
  • He W
  • Mayes AE
  • Lennertz P
  • Beggs JD
  • Parker R

Journal

Nature

Publication Data

March 30, 2000

Associated Grants

None

Mesh Terms

  • Autoantigens
  • Endoribonucleases
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Mutation
  • RNA Cap-Binding Proteins
  • RNA Caps
  • RNA Stability
  • RNA, Fungal
  • RNA, Messenger
  • RNA-Binding Proteins
  • Ribonucleoproteins, Small Nuclear
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Two-Hybrid System Techniques
  • snRNP Core Proteins