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Transducin-like enhancer of split proteins, the human homologs of Drosophila groucho, interact with hepatic nuclear factor 3beta.

Members of the hepatic nuclear factor 3 (HNF3) family, including HNF3alpha, HNF3beta, and HNF3gamma, play important roles in embryonic development, the establishment of tissue-specific gene expression, and the regulation of gene expression in differentiated tissues. We found, using the glutathione S-transferase pull-down method, that the transducin-like Enhancer of split (TLE) proteins, which are the human homologs of Drosophila Groucho, directly associate with HNF3beta. Conserved region II of HNF3beta (amino acids 361-388) is responsible for the interaction with TLE1. A mammalian two-hybrid assay was used to confirm that this interaction occurs in vivo. Overexpression of TLE1 in HepG2 and HeLa cells decreases transactivation mediated through the C-terminal domain of HNF3beta, and Grg5, a naturally occurring dominant negative form of Groucho/TLE, also increases the transcriptional activity of this region of HNF3. These results lead us to suggest that TLE proteins could influence the expression of mammalian genes regulated by HNF3.

Pubmed ID: 10748198