• Register
X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

X

Leaving Community

Are you sure you want to leave this community? Leaving the community will revoke any permissions you have been granted in this community.

No
Yes

Cortical processing of human somatic and visceral sensation.

Somatic sensation can be localized precisely, whereas localization of visceral sensation is vague, possibly reflecting differences in the pattern of somatic and visceral input to the cerebral cortex. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to study the cortical processing of sensation arising from the proximal (somatic) and distal (visceral) esophagus in six healthy male subjects. Esophageal stimulation was performed by phasic distension of a 2 cm balloon at 0.5 Hz. For each esophageal region, five separate 30 sec periods of nonpainful distension were alternated with five periods of similar duration without distension. Gradient echoplanar images depicting bold contrast were acquired using a 1.5 T GE scanner. Distension of the proximal esophagus was localized precisely to the upper chest and was represented in the trunk region of the left primary somatosensory cortex. In contrast, distension of the distal esophagus was perceived diffusely over the lower chest and was represented bilaterally at the junction of the primary and secondary somatosensory cortices. Different activation patterns were also observed in the anterior cingulate gyrus with the proximal esophagus being represented in the right midanterior cingulate cortex (BA 24) and the distal esophagus in the perigenual area (BA32). Differences in the activation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and cerebellum were also observed for the two esophageal regions. These findings suggest that cortical specialization in the sensory-discriminative, affective, and cognitive areas of the cortex accounts for the perceptual differences observed between the two sensory modalities.

Pubmed ID: 10729346

Authors

  • Aziz Q
  • Thompson DG
  • Ng VW
  • Hamdy S
  • Sarkar S
  • Brammer MJ
  • Bullmore ET
  • Hobson A
  • Tracey I
  • Gregory L
  • Simmons A
  • Williams SC

Journal

The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience

Publication Data

April 1, 2000

Associated Grants

None

Mesh Terms

  • Adult
  • Brain Mapping
  • Cerebral Cortex
  • Esophagus
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Perception
  • Sensation