Using the cytoplasmic domain of fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) as bait in a yeast two-hybrid screen, Grb14 was identified as a FGFR1 binding partner. A kinase-inactive mutant of FGFR1 failed to interact with Grb14, indicating that activation of FGFR1 is necessary for binding. Deletion of the C-tail or mutation of both C-tail tyrosine residues of FGFR1 to phenylalanine abolished binding, and deletion of the juxtamembrane domain of the receptor reduced binding, suggesting that Grb14 binds to FGFR1 at multiple sites. Co-immunoprecipitation and in vitro binding assays demonstrated that binding of Grb14 to FGFR1 in mammalian cells was dependent on receptor activation by fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2). Deletion of the Src homology 2 (SH2) domain of Grb14 reduced but did not block binding to FGFR1 and eliminated dependence on receptor activation. The SH2 domain alone bound both FGFR1 and platelet-derived growth factor receptor, whereas full-length Grb14 bound only FGFR1, suggesting that regions upstream of the SH2 domain confer specificity for FGFR1. Grb14 was phosphorylated on serine and threonine residues in unstimulated cells, and treatment with FGF-2 enhanced this phosphorylation. Expression of exogenous Grb14 inhibited FGF-2-induced cell proliferation, whereas a point-mutated form of Grb14 incapable of binding to FGFR1 enhanced FGF-2-induced mitogenesis. These data demonstrate an interaction between activated FGFR1 and Grb14 and suggest a role for Grb14 in FGF signaling.
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