Signal-regulatory proteins (SIRPs) are cell-surface glycoproteins expressed on myeloid and neural cells that have been shown to recruit SH2 domain-containing protein phosphatase 1 (SHP-1) and SHP-2 and to regulate receptor tyrosine kinase-coupled signaling. One SIRP of unknown function, designated SIRP beta 1, contains a short cytoplasmic domain that lacks sequence motifs capable of recruiting SHP-1 and SHP-2. Using a SIRP-specific mAb, we show that SIRP beta 1 is expressed in monocytes and dendritic cells and associates with the signal transduction molecule DAP12. SIRP beta 1/DAP12 complex formation was required for efficient cell-surface expression of SIRP beta 1. Stimulation of this complex induced tyrosine phosphorylation, mitogen-activated protein kinase activation, and cellular activation. Thus, SIRP beta 1 is a new DAP12-associated receptor involved in the activation of myeloid cells.
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