• Register
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.


Leaving Community

Are you sure you want to leave this community? Leaving the community will revoke any permissions you have been granted in this community.


Interaction and functional cooperation of PEBP2/CBF with Smads. Synergistic induction of the immunoglobulin germline Calpha promoter.

Smads are signal transducers for members of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily. Upon ligand stimulation, receptor-regulated Smads (R-Smads) are phosphorylated by serine/threonine kinase receptors, form complexes with common-partner Smad, and translocate into the nucleus, where they regulate the transcription of target genes together with other transcription factors. Polyomavirus enhancer binding protein 2/core binding factor (PEBP2/CBF) is a transcription factor complex composed of alpha and beta subunits. The alpha subunits of PEBP2/CBF, which contain the highly conserved Runt domain, play essential roles in hematopoiesis and osteogenesis. Here we show that three mammalian alpha subunits of PEBP2/CBF form complexes with R-Smads that act in TGF-beta/activin pathways as well as those acting in bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) pathways. Among them, PEBP2alphaC/CBFA3/AML2 forms a complex with Smad3 and stimulates transcription of the germline Ig Calpha promoter in a cooperative manner, for which binding of both factors to their specific binding sites is essential. PEBP2 may thus be a nuclear target of TGF-beta/BMP signaling.

Pubmed ID: 10531362


  • Hanai J
  • Chen LF
  • Kanno T
  • Ohtani-Fujita N
  • Kim WY
  • Guo WH
  • Imamura T
  • Ishidou Y
  • Fukuchi M
  • Shi MJ
  • Stavnezer J
  • Kawabata M
  • Miyazono K
  • Ito Y


The Journal of biological chemistry

Publication Data

October 29, 1999

Associated Grants

  • Agency: NIAID NIH HHS, Id: R01 AI23283

Mesh Terms

  • Activin Receptors, Type I
  • Bone Morphogenetic Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Germ Cells
  • Immunoglobulins
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta
  • Signal Transduction
  • Smad3 Protein
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transcription Factor AP-2
  • Transcription Factors
  • Transcriptional Activation
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta