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Negative feedback regulation of TGF-beta signaling by the SnoN oncoprotein.

Smad proteins mediate transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling to regulate cell growth and differentiation. The SnoN oncoprotein was found to interact with Smad2 and Smad4 and to repress their abilities to activate transcription through recruitment of the transcriptional corepressor N-CoR. Immediately after TGF-beta stimulation, SnoN is rapidly degraded by the nuclear accumulation of Smad3, allowing the activation of TGF-beta target genes. By 2 hours, TGF-beta induces a marked increase in SnoN expression, resulting in termination of Smad-mediated transactivation. Thus, SnoN maintains the repressed state of TGF-beta-responsive genes in the absence of ligand and participates in negative feedback regulation of TGF-beta signaling.

Pubmed ID: 10531062


  • Stroschein SL
  • Wang W
  • Zhou S
  • Zhou Q
  • Luo K


Science (New York, N.Y.)

Publication Data

October 22, 1999

Associated Grants


Mesh Terms

  • Cell Division
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Nucleus
  • DNA
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Feedback
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Humans
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Nuclear Receptor Co-Repressor 1
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Repressor Proteins
  • Signal Transduction
  • Smad2 Protein
  • Smad3 Protein
  • Smad4 Protein
  • Trans-Activators
  • Transcription Factors
  • Transcriptional Activation
  • Transfection
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured