Preparing your results

Our searching services are busy right now. Your search will reload in five seconds.

X
Forgot Password

If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email.

14-3-3Sigma is required to prevent mitotic catastrophe after DNA damage.

Nature | Oct 7, 1999

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10524633

14-3-3Sigma is a member of a family of proteins that regulate cellular activity by binding and sequestering phosphorylated proteins. It has been suggested that 14-3-3sigma promotes pre-mitotic cell-cycle arrest following DNA damage, and that its expression can be controlled by the p53 tumour suppressor gene. Here we describe an improved approach to the generation of human somatic-cell knockouts, which we have used to generate human colorectal cancer cells in which both 14-3-3sigma alleles are inactivated. After DNA damage, these cells initially arrested in the G2 phase of the cell cycle, but, unlike cells containing 14-3-3sigma, the 14-3-3sigma-/- cells were unable to maintain cell-cycle arrest. The 14-3-3sigma-/- cells died ('mitotic catastrophe') as they entered mitosis. This process was associated with a failure of the 14-3-3sigma-deficient cells to sequester the proteins (cyclin B1 and cdc2) that initiate mitosis and prevent them from entering the nucleus. These results may indicate a mechanism for maintaining the G2 checkpoint and preventing mitotic death.

Pubmed ID: 10524633 RIS Download

Mesh terms: 14-3-3 Proteins | Cell Cycle Proteins | Cloning, Molecular | Cyclin B | Cyclin B1 | DNA Damage | G2 Phase | Humans | Mitosis | Proteins | Tumor Cells, Cultured | Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase | cdc25 Phosphatases

Research resources used in this publication

None found

Research tools detected in this publication

None found

Data used in this publication

None found

Associated grants

None

Publication data is provided by the National Library of Medicine ® and PubMed ®. Data is retrieved from PubMed ® on a weekly schedule. For terms and conditions see the National Library of Medicine Terms and Conditions.