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SMRTER, a Drosophila nuclear receptor coregulator, reveals that EcR-mediated repression is critical for development.

Molecular cell | Aug 12, 1999

The Drosophila ecdysone receptor (EcR)/ultraspiracle (USP) heterodimer is a key regulator in molting and metamorphoric processes, activating and repressing transcription in a sequence-specific manner. Here, we report the isolation of an EcR-interacting protein, SMRTER, which is structurally divergent but functionally similar to the vertebrate nuclear corepressors SMRT and N-CoR. SMRTER mediates repression by interacting with Sin3A, a repressor known to form a complex with the histone deacetylase Rpd3/HDAC. Importantly, we identify an EcR mutant allele that fails to bind SMRTER and is characterized by developmental defects and lethality. Together, these results reveal a novel nuclear receptor cofactor that exhibits evolutionary conservation in the mechanism to achieve repression and demonstrate the essential role of repression in hormone signaling.

Pubmed ID: 10488333 RIS Download

Mesh terms: Amino Acid Sequence | Animals | Biological Evolution | Cell Line | Chromosome Mapping | Chromosomes | Co-Repressor Proteins | DNA-Binding Proteins | Drosophila Proteins | Drosophila melanogaster | Female | Genetic Variation | Male | Molecular Sequence Data | Nuclear Proteins | Nuclear Receptor Co-Repressor 1 | Nuclear Receptor Co-Repressor 2 | Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear | Receptors, Steroid | Recombinant Proteins | Repressor Proteins | Sequence Alignment | Sequence Homology, Amino Acid | Transfection | Vertebrates

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