Ligand activation of the nuclear receptor PPARgamma induces adipogenesis and increases insulin sensitivity, while activation of other PPAR isoforms (-alpha and -delta) induces little or no fat cell differentiation. Expression and activation of chimeras formed between PPARgamma and PPARdelta in fibroblasts has allowed us to localize a major domain of PPARgamma responsible for adipogenesis to the N-terminal 138 amino acids, a region with AF-1 transcriptional activity. Using this region of PPARgamma as bait, we have used a yeast two-hybrid screen to clone a novel protein, termed PGC-2, containing a partial SCAN domain. PGC-2 binds to and increases the transcriptional activity of PPARgamma but does not interact with other PPARs or most other nuclear receptors. Ectopic expression of PGC-2 in preadipocytes containing endogenous PPARgamma causes a dramatic increase in fat cell differentiation at both the morphological and molecular levels. These results suggest that interactions between PGC-2, a receptor isoform-selective cofactor and PPARgamma contribute to the adipogenic action of this receptor.
SciCrunch is a data sharing and display platform. Anyone can create a custom portal where they can select searchable subsets of hundreds of data sources, brand their web pages and create their community. SciCrunch will push data updates automatically to all portals on a weekly basis. User communities can also add their own data to scicrunch, however this is not currently a free service.